What is Intensive farming

Over the years, farming methods have diversified and increased production capacity. There are various types of agricultural production systems, including extensive production and intensive agriculture. intensive cultivation techniques involves extensive contributions of capital, labor and pesticides and fertilizers to increase crop on a smaller area. Intensive farming means not only horticulture but also livestock. There are many advantages and disadvantages of intensive farming. Advantages include high performance helps to reduce agricultural related products and poultry prices. In addition, the production of crops than a smaller area. But the number of disadvantages of intensive agriculture is more than the benefits. Intensive agriculture leads to the use of pesticides and fertilizers that can lead to contamination and poisoning. It also causes erosion and contamination of surrounding areas by chemical fertilizer soil. The animals are grown in small spaces and ranchers engage in dangerous practices of reproduction, and much more. But we can not focus on the pros and cons of this article lifestyle fashion but the types of intensive agriculture. Now for the next few paragraphs we’ll discover the different types of intensive farming techniques.

Intensive farming techniques

There are various intensive farming techniques. It was pre-mordern include intensive agricultural terraces, rice and aquacultue (fish farming). With industrialization, introduced the modern intensive farming techniques. The techniques help produce the best performance at the lowest cost. Some of intensive farming methods are:

Factory farming
Industrial agriculture involves intensive agriculture in isolation. The farm actually works as a plant for animals for meat, milk and eggs reproduction for commercial use. But the animals always kept in confined spaces closed as cages and crates. They are not allowed to continue their natural behaviors such as foraging or exploratory. Their life expectancy is significantly reduced because of poor living conditions in which these animals are raised.

The culture of fish, crustaceans, seaweed, algae, etc., under controlled conditions called aquaculture or fish farming. This type of intensive agriculture can also involve the use of tanks or systems that help stimulate the production of aquatic yields. But most of agriculture is causing great harm to the ecosystem and it has increased it finished in domestic and wild animals.

Sustainable agriculture
The practice of agriculture as the study of the relationship between organisms and their environment. It is a bio-intensive agriculture causing increasing yields per unit area, yield per input power, performance at the ingress of water, etc. It involves the use of intercropping and agriculture vertical.

Rotational grazing intensive control
Managed intensive rotational grazing (MIRG) involves the use of ruminant and non-ruminant herds graze and forage in part of pastures, farm or poultry. This helps the vegetation in the area to renew your energy, deeper into the root system, as well as help increase long-term biomass production. Animals turn obtained natural pasture nutritional needs, which eliminates the need for additional energy sources.

From the above information about the types of intensive agriculture, it is understandable that helps to produce higher interest rate than you normally do. The animals are kept in small areas, reducing the need for energy, food and space. This helps farmers reduce production costs and increase profits. In addition, the animals were allowed to move less and the level of activity is substantially reduced. This helps to build lean and fat, increases a higher yield of meat and meat products. Similarly, the cultures grown in smaller countries. mechanical aids increases throughput speed of production and culture. Therefore, increasing the profit margin for the farmer.

However, intensive farming leads considerable potential for organisms biology mass and water. Use of pesticides tend to kill other plants and beneficial insects. These fertilizers and pesticides pollute sources of soil and water, causing adverse reactions in animals, plants and humans. Such as fertilizers and pesticides are not biodegradable, they tend to accumulate in the soil, so that the infertile after several years. Although intensive agriculture helps to save on costs, requiring the use of labor. Therefore, one must pay for a large workforce that reduces the profit margin.

Although modern types of intensive agriculture with increased crop and livestock production, leading to significant effects on the natural environment. The only advantage for intensive agriculture is that the cost and green vegetables dairy products and meat significantly reduced, to help people who can not afford expensive food.

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