Where to Build a Farm Pond

Where to Build a Farm Pond

Take a look at a small farm pond, say 50′ square (1/4 acre), round or what ever shape you would like. Even if it’s 2 to 5 acres in size the principals are the same.

Location, location, location is the biggest factor. Ideally this would be a low spot on the property, even a slow grade where the pond can be dug out and the diggings be used for the dam. Providing the diggings is high in clay content.

Start digging and pushing out the dirt, the goal is to have just enough fill to build the dam, bring the surrounding area up to grade and have enough left over for landscaping such as the slopes away from the pond to provide safe mowing. This will help to keep the cost down by not having to transport the left over fill. Known as a dug and dam pond.

Next is there enough clean watershed to supply the pond, from a wooded area or a grassy field.

You do not want a framer’s field above the pond as that will allow silt, fertilizer and other unwanted chemicals entering or filling up the pond. Sources of water can be from springs, small seeps or part of a small stream.

Look at the down hill side of where you want the pond. Is there anything that could be damaged from the out flow from the pond? The neighbor’s yard, house or road will be some things to look out for.

Now with these few things in mind where is the pond located. Ideally it’s down hill from your own house. Two reasons, one, for some unforeseen accident happens and the dam breaks, there is a good chance of flooding the house. Second is a location that can be seen and enjoyed from the house. Also keep in mind when you come home from work. Can you see it? You may or may not want people seeing it when they drive down the road.

Depends what you want to do at the pond, with options of fishing, swimming, relaxing, recreation or water supply for the garden.

Ponds of this size should be a good distance from the house. The full pond will have great ground pressure and could cause underground streams to be diverted and may end up with a wet basement.

Let’s recap; finding the best location for the farm pond is very important, including the safety of the property below the pond including your own. Be sure to have enough water supply to keep the pond full. Doing it right the first time will provide many years of fun and relaxation. To learn much more visit www.BuildingaFarmPond.com

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